27 May End of Bonn with a focus on Marrakesh
The session of negotiations ended Thursday 26 March after eleven days of discussions. The delegates achieved considerable outcomes for Marrakesh.
End of work
Although this session of negotiations—the only one ahead of COP22—ended Thursday 26 May later than initially scheduled (the closing plenary of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement—APA began at 8 p.m. instead of 5 p.m.), the delegates achieved considerable outcomes for Marrakesh. Morocco has now taken the lead and plans to continue to determine its strategy over the coming months with a view to the COP22 in November.
The closing plenary of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) was considerably delayed when the Ecuadorian delegation on behalf of Like-Minded Developing Countries (LMDC) asked that the conclusions that had just been adopted be amended, which regulations do not allow unless a two-thirds majority votes to review the adoption stated by the chair. The substantive item concerned the conclusions on how to organise COP meetings and the involvement of non-State observers. LMDCs would like to see the notion of the conflict of interest introduced (the underlying idea being that it would be possible to refuse the involvement of non-State actors when their interests conflict with the UNFCCC objective).
This closing plenary was followed by that of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), which was shorter. In the end, all the substantive items on the agenda of the two subsidiary bodies were addressed, with, in many cases, substantive conclusions and calls for countries to prepare their proposals ahead of Marrakesh.
Thanks to a last contact group meeting held in the morning, the APA could immediately adopt its conclusion in the closing plenary held that evening. The conclusions focus on the organisation of work in Marrakesh. The APA will continue working in a single contact group in Marrakesh and each item on the agenda will be addressed in an informal co-facilitated consultation group with a mandate to prepare conclusions. Conclusions invite Parties to submit a number of written contributions by the end of September, but no longer provide that the Secretariat compile these written contributions nor that technical workshops be held on the sidelines of the Marrakesh meetings as previously mentioned. The session was suspended until Marrakesh in order to preserve the agenda adopted in Bonn as mentioned by the co-chairs, who also stressed their desire to resume a work pattern punctuated by formal closing plenary sessions.
Consultations of the French Presidency
At the same time, the French Presidency has continued its consultations— with Galvanizing Groundswell of Climate Actions and the Bolivian delegation about creating an instrument to monitor technologies of Indigenous Peoples—and reported to Turkey on the consultations conducted about their special status.
Laurence Tubiana chaired her last two-week session to review Bonn work. The ambassador in charge of negotiations, along with the French team, received special thanks from UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres, followed by a standing ovation from the delegates. This session was also the occasion to formally pass on responsibility to Ambassador Aziz Mekouar of Morocco, whose presidency is now spearheading the preparation of COP22.