© Benjamin Géminel
We are only a few hours away from the end of COP21, which must lead to a universal agreement in order to combat climate change. 195 countries must reach an agreement on how to lower greenhouse gas emissions which are responsible for global warming, how to allow the countries most affected by this phenomenon to adapt to rising water levels and desertification, and how to find the financial resources necessary for the energy transition around the world. Never has a conference seen such a mobilization as the 150 Heads of State who arrived in Paris on 30 November.
COP21 President Laurent Fabius is negotiating this agreement which is so important for the future of humanity with the French climate team and the United Nations.
Saturday 12 December: the D-Day
They arrived at the same time. On Saturday, 12 December, at the opening of the Comité de Paris, François Hollande, President of the French Republic and UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon joined Laurent Fabius President of COP21. They gathered to present the final draft of the Paris Agreement (read it online).
Read Laurent Fabius, president of COP21’s speech.
Friday 11 December: a marathon day for the negotiators
7.30 p.m.: the President of COP21, Laurent Fabius, spoke to the press about the progress made during the intense day of negotiations. He reaffirmed his aim of presenting a new text tomorrow in a plenary session at 9 a.m.
— COP21en (@COP21en) December 11, 2015
12.00 : after working through two nights, the negotiators have set back to work to find the necessary compromises. COP21 President Laurent Fabius and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon held a press briefing at around 12:30. “We are almost at the finishing line. I am optimistic”, Laurent Fabius started by saying. He then went on, saying “I will be able to present a text to all the parties tomorrow morning at 9:00.” The United Nations Secretary-General commended Laurent Fabius’ diplomatic efforts, then continued by saying that he was convinced that the negotiators would be able to produce a strong, ambitious agreement.
Wednesday 9 December
8 p.m. The COP21 President proposed a new working method in the plenary session of the Paris Committee. He proposed to the parties two meetings in “Indaba” format, restricted to parties at the level of Heads of Delegation. “Tonight will we have to strike the overall balance of the text and move forward to resolve political issues with a view to the final agreement”, he explained (see his address). Further information.
3 p.m.:00 : initially scheduled for 1 p.m., the new text was finally submitted to the plenary of the Paris Committee at 3 p.m. The COP21 President welcomed the progress made, with the text reduced from 43 to 29 pages compared with the previous version and three-quarters of the items between square brackets deleted. “We have made progress, but there is still work to be done”, he cautioned. “Three cross-cutting issues must be discussed in detail: differentiation, financing and the level of ambition of the agreement”. The 196 Parties have until 8 p.m., when a new Paris Committee will be convened, to study these new instructions.
Tuesday, 8 December: a new text announced for Wednesday
The President of COP21 announced that he would present a “clean text” to the 196 Parties at 13:00 on Wednesday, based on the ADP text with amendments on the basis of advice from the ADP facilitators and supplemented by the recommendations of the facilitators, submitted beforehand. Further information.
Monday, 7 December: first meeting of the Paris Committee
The Paris Committee met for the first time in plenary format. The facilitators discussed the consultations carried out since the previous day. Further information.
Sunday, 6 December: “ambassadors of consensus”
Laurent Fabius named the 14 Ministers responsible for assisting him in the consultations. These facilitators work in pairs (one representative of a country of the North, and another representing a country of the South) on one of the issues which are conditions for the agreement to be reached. Further information.
Saturday, 5 December: a new text and a new working method
There is a total of 48 sets of brackets, 32 in Agreement, 16 in Decision.
There is a total of 350 sets of brackets, 220 in Agreement, 130 in Decision.